Leaving the coast near Gradoli, the path climbs up to the ridge of the Volsini range where you can admire the whole volcanic caldera, which was gradually filled up by spring and rain water over more than 100,000 years and hosts the Bolsena lake extended for 115 sq. km.
The two rocky islands rich in vegetation that rise for several metres out of the water - Martana and Bisentina - are nothing but the remains of two craters that exploded about 120,000 years ago.
Let's go down towards Latera, a charming village wrapped around a hill among a forest of oaks and chestnut trees. Almost all the brigands of northern Lazio passed by this village but Vincenzo Pastorini from Viterbo (also known as Cenciarello) spent here most of his short life, before being killed by Domenico Tiburzi.

This was also the birth place of other brigands (apart from the above mentioned Giovanni Erpita) such as the cruel Brando Camilli and the Rossi brothers, Pietro (a.k.a. Mattaccino) and Clemente (a.k.a. Marcotullio).
All of them died while seeking revenge against their fellow citizens who dared to "betray" them, reporting their crimes. The village is overlooked by the Ducale palace, built by the Farnese family during the XVI century. Next to it, there is the parish church of S.Clemente, the patron saint of Latera, enlarged in 1603 by Mario Farnese, embellished by a
XVII century bell tower. Another remarkable sight is the monumental fountain built in 1648 by Pietro Farnese as the ending point of the new aqueduct, while the Cistercian grange of S.Pietro - in the southern part of the village - hosts the Museum of Material Culture, where all our
recent past related to the peasants' world and religious traditions is brought back to life. The itinerary now leads to the shores of the small volcanic Mezzano lake. Its waters are very clear and are fed by underwater springs.
The lake has a round shape, which is only interrupted by the mouth of the outlet - the Olpeta river, a left tributary of the Fiora river. During the Copper Age, this place hosted numerous pile dwellings and their well-kept remains are displayed in the Civic Museum in Valentano.



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