The Nature in Province of Viterbo

Due to an industrial development limited to very few areas, the province of Viterbo is of great environmental interest with vast uncontaminated regions.

Itineraries in Viterbo Area We begin at the Cimino hills, or better still, from the NATURE RESERVE OF VICO LAKE. This area, envelopped in an extraordinary frame of mountains, stretches for approximately 3.OOO hectares and is covered for two-thirds by giants beeches, chestnut and age-long cerris; the remaining partis dedicated to the valuable cultivation of hazelnuts.The flora is particularly luxuriant among other flowers we can find orchids, violets, scyllas, snowdrops and the lilies of Saint John. Also the fauna life is extremely rich: buzzards, lanners, kites, pilgrim hawks, woodpeckers, tawny owls and little owls not forgetting acquatic species such as the herons, the ducks and the limicoulous.
As for mammals along the nature trails we encounter foxes, porcupines, wild boars, badgers and beech martens. As for the lake fauna we find tenches, royal perches, pikes, eels and whitefishes. In addition to the nature trails within the Reserve it is possible to find a parking area and comfortable picnic areas. Remaining at the slopes of the Cimino Hills near SORIANO NEL CIMINO the FAGGETA is well worth a visit. It is a vast area covered with age-longs beeches situated at more than 1.OOO meters above sea-level.
At CORCHIANO we can visit the WWF OASIS, where, inside the 500 hectares of uncontaminated land buzzards and kestrels make nests, living together with royal owls and barn owls. Apart from hawks and nocturnal birds of prey, there are also lapwings, woodpeckers, jays, wood cocks and wood pigeons.
Among the mammals are foxes, porcupines, badgers and extremely rare wild cats. We then move on and reach CALCATA to visit the SUBURBAN PARK VALLE DEL TREJA.
This protected area stretches for approximately 1.000 hectares. The inaccessible gorges hollowed out by the river are inhabited by foxes, porcupines, badgers and weasels, while the sky is dominated by hawks, such as kites, kestrels, buzzards and by nocturnal birds of prey such as owls, tawny owls and barn owls. Possible encounters: jays and woodpeckers.
After a brief visit to MONTEROSI LAKE we move on to oneof the most interesting places: the SUBURBAN PARK MARTURANUM at BARBARANO ROMANO. The area of the Park varies in altitude from the 900 metersof the Cimino Hills to the 600 meters of the Tolfa Mountains. The Park is subject to continous climatic and morphological changes.
calcanchi The arid and bare hills of the Southern part contrast with the inaccessible gorges and deep vallies covered with luxuriant vegetation in the North. This is where numerous animals species find thier natural habitat. Birds of prey: kites, buzzards, kestrels, pilgrim hawks, tawny owls, owls, scop owls, royal owls. Among the mammals worthy of note is the exceptional presence of the wild cat, not forgetting beech martens, weasels, foxes and wild boars.
Particularly interesting is encountering horses and cows of the Maremma grazingin the wild. From Barbarano Romano we are headed towards the coastto visit the NATURE RESERVE DELLE SALINE at TARQUINIA where there is a safe refuge for numeous birds such as herons, cormorants, hawks, herodias alba and ducks. Following a short strip of the Aurelia we reach VULCI (MONTALTO DI CASTRO) where there is a WWF OASIS. The protected area stretches over 158 hectares alongthe Fiora River. Herons, nocturnal crows, herodias alba, mallards and also the extremely rare otter find refuge here.
Leaving Vulci we reach the LAMONE FOREST in the FARNESE TERRITORY an then on the MEZZANO LAKE at LATERA. The inacceesible undergrowth that stretches up to theborder of Tuscany is mainly made up of cerris and the tipycal mediterranean maquis. In the undergrowth there are the characteristic murce , that is large rocks “mysteriously” joined together.
At ACQUAPENDENTE we can visit the NATURE RESERVE OF MONTE RUFENO.
This area stretches over 3.000 hectares near the river Paglia. Within the reserve there are many species such as deers, badgers, foxes, porcupines, stone martens and wild boars. Birds include scops owls, owls,tawny owls. There are also blooming flowers that can be admired inside the FLOWER MUSEUM and animals can be seen on foot, on horseback or by mountain-bike. Along the Cassia we reach BOLSENA LAKE. With a perimeter of approximately 43 km the basin makes up the biggest Italian volcanic lake.
Last stop is at CASTIGLIONE IN TEVERINA on the VALLE DEL TEVERE a few kilometers away from VALLE DEI CALANCHI at BAGNOREGIO: clayey (furrows) carved by atmospheric agents into fascinating and monumental forms in the environmental context of the VALLE DEL TEVERE



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